Fatty Liver – What Is That Exactly?
Fatty liver, or fatty liver disease, is a liver disease involving the pathological accumulation of triglyceride fat in liver cells: this eventually interferes with the functioning of the liver in a serious fashion. The most common causes of fatty liver are alcohol abuse and metabolic syndrome, though these two causes do not have to act together – one alone is sufficient. Alcohol abuse is chronic and severe use of alcohol accompanied by an inability to stop and metabolic syndrome is usually caused by poor diet and lack of exercise and is characterized by obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high blood levels of triglycerides.
Fatty Liver Causes
Less common causes of fatty liver include hepatitis C, HIV, inflammatory bowel disease, certain genetic disorders, malnutrition, sudden and severe weight loss, small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome, certain pregnancy complications, side effects or overdoses of such medications as tamoxifen, glucocorticoids, highly active antiretroviral therapy, expired tetracycline, diltiazem, methotrexate and amiodarone and poisoning from phosphorus or from certain mushrooms. Excessive dietary consumption of high fructose corn syrup has also been linked to fatty liver. Both iron overdose and iron deficiency and deficiencies in protein, omega-3 fatty acids, calcium, vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E can also play a role.
Fatty Liver Symptoms
Unfortunately, most people with fatty liver show no obvious symptoms, so the best way to diagnose it is to get liver-related blood work done at each yearly physical exam. Generally, the best fatty liver treatment is to solve the underlying causes, and of course it would be even better to prevent fatty liver in the first place by avoiding or controlling the underlying causes. If left untreated, fatty liver can progressively preclude the liver from working properly – a life-threatening problem – and fatty liver left unchecked also raises one’s risk of contracting liver cancer – a particularly deadly form of cancer – dramatically.
Fatty Liver Diagnosis
The best way to diagnose fatty liver is with liver-related blood tests, since if the disease is discovered when the liver is already failing or, worse, when liver cancer is apparent, it may be too late to treat effectively. The standard battery of liver-related blood tests that everyone should get at least once a year is conducted on the same blood collected for the other blood tests that are a normal part of a physical exam: no additional visits are usually required.
Blood Tests Relevant to Fatty Liver
The albumin, or (Alb), test measures albumin, which is a component of healthy blood that is generated by a healthy liver. The alanine transaminase, or (ALT), test measures enzymes present in healthy liver cells. The aspartate transaminase, or (AST), test is similar to the ALT, and so is the alkaline phosphatase, or (ALP), test. There is also the total bilirubin, or (TBIL), test, which measures bilirubin levels. Bilirubin is something that is supposed to be broken down by a healthy liver.
Dealing With Fatty Liver
What to do about fatty liver? If the cause is alcohol abuse, then it is time for the alcohol abuse to stop. Medical professionals can help with an alcohol abuse problem, and so can family and friends. Using every resource at your disposal combined to stop alcohol abuse is warranted. If metabolic syndrome is the cause, gradual weight loss – not rapid weight loss – that stays off over the long run to overcome the underlying obesity is the first line of attack. A healthy fatty liver disease diet combined with regular exercise is the recommended way to achieve this. You could also consider going on a Liver Detox or Liver Cleanse which would greatly help kick-start the process of clearing the Fatty Liver. This fatty liver diet will also handle the high blood pressure and high blood lipid levels, and proper diabetes management will keep the diabetes under control. This diet will resemble a regular healthy diet but will also be low in fat and high in protein. Talk to a doctor about milk thistle, too: this can also be of help.
American Association of Naturopathic Physcians – http://aanp.membershipsoftware.org/index.asp
University of Maryland Medical Center – http://www.umm.edu/search/index.htm?q=liver
Fatty liver also known as fatty liver disease FLD is a reversible condition where large vacuole s of triglyceride fat accumulate in.… Fatty liver